Article dans une série de papiers de travail :

Vera Angelova, Giuseppe Marco Attanasi et Yolande Hiriart, « Relative Performance of Liability Rules: Experimental Evidence », TSE Working Paper, n°12-304, avril 2012, révision septembre 2012.
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Résumé

We compare the performance of liability rules for managing environmental disasters when third parties are harmed and cannot always be compensated. A firm can invest in safety to reduce the likelihood of accidents. The firm’s investment is unobservable to authorities. Externality and asymmetric information call for public intervention to define rules aimed at increasing prevention. We determine the investment in safety under No Liability, Strict Liability and Negligence, and compare it to the first best. Additionally, we investigate how the (dis)ability of the firm to fully cover potential damages affects the firm’s behavior. An experiment tests the theoretical predictions. In line with theory, Strict Liability and Negligence are equally effective; both perform better than No Liability; investment in safety is not sensitive to the ability of the firm to compensate potential victims. In contrast with theory, prevention rates absent liability are much higher and liability is much less effective than predicted.

Mots clefs

Risk Regulation, Liability Rules, Incentives, Insolvency, Experiment.

Codes JEL

D82 : Asymmetric and Private Information
K13 : Tort Law and Product Liability
K32 : Environmental, Health, and Safety Law
Q58 : Government Policy

Groupe thématique TSE

Economie comportementale et expérimentale