IDEI researchers are interested in many economic topics as the following list proves it.
The openness to competition of historically regulated markets such as energy, transportation and telecommunications generates a lot of debates in which IDEI researchers participate. Their research focuses on the organization of these industries, on the design of the rules that must regulate them and on the strategies of existing operators and potential entrants.
Several industries such as telecommunications and media have been experiencing a very fast technological change for the last fifteen years. Researchers at IDEI study the economics of internet, the cellular phone market, and software industries. They analyze the stakes of intellectual property rights, their strategic value and their role as a component of innovation in competitive economies.
IDEI researchers study the design of efficient insurance and financial markets and banks. Efficiently designing the finance and insurance sector is necessary to enable firms to fund projects and agents to save and share risk. Topics under research at IDEI include banking regulation, corporate finance, market microstructure, asset pricing, behavioral and experimental finance, credit cards and payment systems, and risk and insurance.
Both theoretical and applied studies on up-to-date subjects such as greenhouse effects, sustainable development, and environmental policy coordination are carried out at IDEI. Researchers also give some advice about European Agricultural Policy and water management. Their research contributes to the design of an efficient investment policy for energy industry.
IDEI researchers study the national and global impact of taxes, the role of technological change in shaping income inequalities and growth. They also measure the effects of monetary and budgetary policies on output, prices and employment. Current labour market issues are extensively studied: concerns about young access to the labour market, unemployment persistence in some European countries, labour migrations in Europe.
Industrial and institutional aspects of development processes are particularly studied by IDEI researchers. For instance, they analyze the consequences of privatizations and fiscal reforms in Africa and Eastern Europe. They also propose theories on the political economy of conflict and terrorism.
Complex relationships between economic related phenomena, as for example the link between pollution and growth, requires the use of methodological instruments such as computable general equilibrium. IDEI researchers also use non parametric estimation to analyze the economic agents’ strategies, when confronted with the deregulation of historically regulated markets such as the postal sector.
In order to improve social welfare, it is crucial to design efficiently educational policies, health insurance and retirement systems, and to disseminate pharmaceutical innovations. IDEI researchers work a lot on these research interests. In particular, they study certification norms of products and propose feasible measures of households’ welfare.